Sun spots are also called age spots, and they occur as the result of a breakdown in melanin pigment. Melanin pigment is the skin’s natural pigment that helps defend against damaging UV rays. In the epidermis, the cells that produce melanin are called melanocytes. Prolonged exposure to UV rays without proper sun protection results in damage to the melanocytes; when they’re no longer able to produce enough melanin to protect against UV radiation, sun and age spots form on the skin.
My doctor advised me to use sun protection, products that include broad-spectrum oil-free sunscreens that protects against UVA and UVB rays. They can prevent aging and sun damage as well.
I also brought up my daughter’s concern of still having acne considering she is already in her twenties. She set up an appointment to see her but at the same time she said that most common cause of adult acne is hormonal shift that results in over production of skin cells and sebum. Stress, poor diet, and some skin care products can also be other factors. She suggested using only doctor recommended acne products.
I know better now to use sun screen when I am out in the sun gardening or swimming, eat healthy, drink plenty of fluid and use skin care products recommended by my dermatologist.